Kingdom Fungi – Structure, Nutrition and Reproduction

Kingdom Fungi organisms are heterotrophic (Saprophytes). Fungi are cosmopolitan and occur in air, water, soil and on animals and plants.

 

Structure:

· Fungi are filamentous (except yeast which is unicellular)

· Their bodies consist of long, slender thread-like structures called hyphae. The network of hyphae is known as Mycelium.

· Some hyphae are continuous tubes filled with multinucleated cytoplasm – these are called coenocytic hyphae. Others have septae or cross walls in their hyphae.

· The cell walls of fungi are composed of chitin and polysaccharides.

 

Nutrition:

· Most fungi are heterotrophic and absorb soluble organic matter from dead substrates and hence are referred to as saprophytes.

· Those that depend on living plants and animals are called parasites.

· They can also live as symbionts – in association with algae as Lichens and with roots of higher plants as Mycorrhiza.

 

Reproduction:

a) Vegetative – fragmentation, fission and budding.

b) Asexual reproduction – by spores called conidia or sporangiospores or zoospores.

c) Sexual reproduction – by oospores, ascospores and basidiospores.

 

The various spores are produced in distinct structures called fruiting bodies.

Post By : Yogesh Mangal 01 Jan, 2019 3480 views Biology