1. In this type, a single parent can produce offspring.
2. The produced offspring are clones of each other (i.e., identical to each other and to the parent).
3. It is commonly seen in unicellular organisms belonging to Protista and Monera.
4. Here, the cell division itself is the mode of reproduction.
Means of Asexual Reproduction
1. Binary Fission − In this process, cell divides into halves and each half develops into an adult. (example: Amoeba, Paramecium).
2. Budding − In this process, cell pldivides unequally to form buds, which remain attached to the
parent initially, and then detach and develop into a mature cell (example: yeast).
Formation of specialized structures
Conidia − (Example: Penicillium)
Gemmules − (Example: Sponges)
Buds − (Example: Hydra)
Zoospores − Microscopic, motile spores (Example: Algae)
Vegetative propagation − It means asexual reproduction in plants.
Runner − (Example: Gladiolus)
Rhizome − (Example: Ginger)
Tuber − (Example: Potato)
Bulb − (Example: Onion)