Empirical and Molecular formula
The empirical formula is the simplest formula for a compound. A molecular formula is the same as or a multiple of the empirical formula, and is based on the actual number of atoms of each type in the compound. For example, if the empirical formula of a compound is C3H8 , its molecular formula may be C3H8 , C6H16 , etc.
Empirical formula of a chemical compound is the simplest positive integer ratio of atoms present in a compound. A simple example of this concept is that the empirical formula of sulfur monoxide, or SO, would simply be SO, as is the empirical formula of disulfur dioxide, S2O2.
A chemical formula is a way of expressing information about the proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound, using a single line of chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
To Write a chemical Formula
Memorize the prefixes for number of atoms.
Write the chemical symbol for the first element.
Add the number of atoms as a subscript.
Write the chemical symbol for the second element.
Add the number of atoms present as a subscript.
Brackets Meaning in Chemical Equations:
Some formulas have brackets in them. For example, sodium hydroxide is NaOH, but magnesium hydroxide is Mg(OH)2. The 2 outside the brackets tells you that you have two of each atom inside the bracket. So in Mg(OH)2 you have one magnesium atom, two oxygen atoms and two hydrogen atoms.