Empirical and Molecular formula

The empirical formula is the simplest formula for a compound. A molecular formula is the same as or a multiple of the empirical formula, and is based on the actual number of atoms of each type in the compound. For example, if the empirical formula of a compound is C3H8 , its molecular formula may be C3H8 , C6H16 , etc.


Empirical formula of a chemical compound is the simplest positive integer ratio of atoms present in a compound. A simple example of this concept is that the empirical formula of sulfur monoxide, or SO, would simply be SO, as is the empirical formula of disulfur dioxide, S2O2.


A chemical formula is a way of expressing information about the proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound, using a single line of chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.


To Write a chemical Formula

Memorize the prefixes for number of atoms.

Write the chemical symbol for the first element.

Add the number of atoms as a subscript.

Write the chemical symbol for the second element.

Add the number of atoms present as a subscript.


Brackets Meaning in Chemical Equations:

Some formulas have brackets in them. For example, sodium hydroxide is NaOH, but magnesium hydroxide is Mg(OH)2. The 2 outside the brackets tells you that you have two of each atom inside the bracket. So in Mg(OH)2 you have one magnesium atom, two oxygen atoms and two hydrogen atoms.

Post By : Vinod Singh 06 Jul, 2017 2931 views Chemistry